nav-left cat-right
cat-right

“Remembering the martyrs of Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar” by K.J.S.Chatrath

It is 13th April this day.

It was 13th April that day.

The year was 1919.

The place was Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar.

PHOTO

(For photo here please click at the link: http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=4029)

There is a board in the Jallianwala Bagh which briefly but succintly describes the sad history:

“Jallianwala Bagh massacre involved the killing of hundreds of unarmed, defenseless Indians by a senior British military officer, Brigadier-General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer on 13th April,1919, at this spot in the holy city of Amritsar. The Jallianwala Bagh was then the property of Sardar Himmat Singh, a noble in the court of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

General Dyer deployed his riflemen, near the entrance, and without warning or order the crowd to disperse, opened fire. The firing continued for 20 minutes and 1650 rounds of .303 mark VI ammunition had been fired. The official figure is 379 killed and 1,200 wounded. The crowd was estimated at between 15,000 and 20, 000.

The Jallianwala Bagh was acquired by the nation on 1st August 1920 at the cost of Rs. 5,65/- lakhs and the memorial befittingly named “The Flame of Liberty” was was built at a cost of Rs. 9.25 lakhs. It was inaugurated by Dr. Rajinder Prasad,, the first President of the Republic of India in the presence of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India on 13th April 1961.”

PHOTO

(For photo here please click at the link: http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=4029)

  Dyer conducted soldiers for firing on an innocent crowd of Indians through passage.

PHOTO

(For photo here please click at the link: http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=4029)

 

There were two officers with similar sounding surnames –  Dyer and O’Dwyer.

PHOTO

(For photo here please click at the link: http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=4029)

Col. Reginald Edward Harry Dyer was an army officer and acting as Brigadier-General. He was the one who ordered the troops to fire on unarmed Indians. Col. Reginald Edward Harry Dyer was born in Murree, in the Punjab province of undivided India,  which is now in Pakistan.  He spent his childhood in Shimla and received his early education at the Bishop Cotton’s School, Shimla. He died of natural causes on 24 July 1927, aged 62.

The other was an I.C.S Officer Michael O’Dwyer, who was the Lt Governor of Punjab from 1912 to 1919. He had endorsed Col. Reginald Edward Harry Dyer’s ordering of the massacre a “correct” action, He was assassinated at the age of 75 by Saheed Udham Singh in 1940, aged 75 as a revenge for his support of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

The memorial.

PHOTO

(For photo here please click at the link: http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=4029)

The bullet marks tell the tale of horror.

PHOTO

(For photo here please click at the link: http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=4029)

Since all the exits were blocked by Dyer, some people jumped into the well there and died. Visitors put money cons into the well as a mark of tribute to the innocent martyrs.

PHOTO

(For photo here please click at the link: http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=4029)

One wonders how old is this tree. Was it there on April 13, 1919 and was a witness to the terrible happenings of that day?

PHOTO

(For photo here please click at the link: http://www.fiftyplustravels.com/?p=4029)

Before closing let me add a precision and pose two doubts.

The person who ordered firing that fateful day was Col. Reginald Edward Harry Dyer. He was holding the ‘Acting ‘ next higher level rank of Brigadier-General.  This rank was in existence in the British indian army and the British army till 1922. The shorter form of this rank was ‘Brigadier’ and not ‘General’ as some have erroneously described Dyer.

(i) I could not find a list of the persons who got killed in the firing on April 13, 1919. Do we have such a list?

(ii) The second doubt is as to why was the land not donated by the owner of the Jallianwala Bagh and it had to be purchased?

I would be happy if some one gives information on these ponts. If there is any inaccuracy in the facts mentioned above, I would be glad to consider correcting the same.

 Photographs  and text by K.J.S.Chatrath.

Copyright K.J.S.Chatrath

( This website does not sell any hotel rooms/air tickets/packages/insurance cover etc.  It is intended only for providing information to the Fifty+/younger travellers and sharing of travel experiences.)

IMPORTANT: 

The above information is being shared only for the convenience of the readers who are advised to double check the information and satisfy themselves before taking any decision. Fiftyplustravels.com is in no way responsible either for the accuracy of the contents or for the running of the tours/trains or any other information mention therein.

May I invite you to visit my other website: www.europeangravesinindia.com

2 Responses to ““Remembering the martyrs of Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar” by K.J.S.Chatrath”

  1. Madhukar says:

    I do not have answers to the questions, Sir but I did find one thing most interesting that there was no contrition in Dyer and, not surprisingly for those racist days, he had many supporters in England who made a collection for him and gave him a tidy sum for the act.

  2. DV BHATIA says:

    Sir, it hardly matters whether Dyre was a General or a Brigradier. The fact remais that he ordered teh killing of thousands of innocent men, women and children. A visit to Jallianwalla bagh is awe inspiring. One wonders what our netas, govt. officials and unscruplous bussinessmen have done to our hard fought won independence. Bapu Gandhi must be turning in his grave……BHATIA DV

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>